Endnotes 1-100

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Endnotes 1-100

10.19.2010

 

[1]. TEA PARTY FACTION DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

The data in this report was derived from a collection of online directories on the major national Tea Party faction websites: Tea Party Nation, Tea Party Patriots, 1776 Tea Party (also known as TeaParty.org), FreedomWorks Tea Party, and ResistNet Tea Party. The data for the sixth national Tea Party formation mentioned in this report, the Tea Party Express, was drawn from filings with the Federal Elections Commission (FEC).

The data provides a partial picture of the Tea Party activist base. It is important to note that there may be many more individuals who are not listed in these social networking directories – who either chose not to register, who have registered on some other site (such as one or more of the many local Tea Party sites), or who do not have sufficient computer skills.

Tea Party Membership Data

With the exception of the daily membership totals, the bulk of the Tea Party membership data used in this report was collected during the period from May 1 to May 5, 2010. Using software generously provided by Sequentum, an automated process allowed for the copying and compiling of the website membership data into a local SQL database.

Records retrieved from all five Tea Party faction sources generally included: name, city, state, country, and gender. Some records were incomplete – missing city, state, country, gender, etc. Incomplete records were included in the overall numbers, not in areas where data was missing. We also downloaded the contribution records from FEC.gov for Our Country Deserves Better PAC – TeaPartyExpress.com for the same period and imported those records.

From the initial captured material, we worked with the data to eliminate duplicates and extraneous data. We also normalized the data, making sure that column names were the same, and that state and abbreviations were consistent. We then imported that data into a main SQL database.

Once we had a completed Tea Party membership data set, we then geo-coded the set using the city and state information. That information was later used to map the location of membership location using Tableau Public.

After the importation process we ran specific queries to work specifically with Tea Party member data and to extract the information we needed. Those queries included: Tea Party Members by State, Tea Party Members by City, Tea Party Members by Faction, Tea Party Membership by City vs local Unemployment Rate, and Tea Party Membership Totals by City as a percentage of the City population.

Tea Party Chapter Data

The Tea Party chapter information in this report was also collected during the period from May 1 to May 5, 2010, using a process similar to how membership information was compiled. Due to poor site layout, one site required manual data entry of the group data.

The data was placed into a separate Tea Party Chapter database. We used the same process as we did with Tea Party membership data to clean and normalize the Tea Party chapter data. We also geo-coded the data to be able to map the chapter locations.

Additional Data Sources

In addition to the Tea Party data, we relied on several other data sources in this report. The city population data came from the 2008 US Census Data. The city unemployment rate data comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics January 2010 Not Seasonally Adjusted Unemployment Rates for Metropolitan Areas Monthly Rankings.

[2]. A crossover of only 93 unique usernames exists between the Campaign for Liberty online membership (http://www.campaignforliberty.com/memberlist.php) compiled by IREHR in June 2010 and the membership database of the members of all the national Tea Party factions compiled by IREHR in May/June 2010.

[3]. Dave Brady, "Libertarian Party of Illinois: We gave Rick Santelli the idea for the Tax Day Tea Parties," Independent Political Report Website, April 14, 2009, http://www.independentpoliticalreport.com/2009/04/libertarian-party-of-illinois-we-gave-rick-santelli-the-idea-for-the-tax-day-tea-parties/.

[4]. Daniel Libit, "For the Tea Party Movement, Sturdy Roots in the Chicago Area," New York Times, February 18, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/19/us/19cncodom.html?ref=us; The "DontGo Movement."

[5]. The Sam Adams Alliance, an organization that promoted "free market" economics, was also involved in building the network.

[6]. Redistributing Knowledge Website, http://redistributingknowledge.blogspot.com/.

[7]. Joe Garofoli, "Limbaugh is talk host king, not leader of GOP," San Francisco Chronicle, January 29, 2009, http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/01/29/MNEU15IVR0.DTL&type=printable; "Porkulus," New York Times, February 8, 2009, http://ideas.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/02/08/porkulus/.

[8]. Michelle Malkin, ""Yes, we care!' Porkulus protesters holler back," Michelle Malkin website, February 17, 2009, http://michellemalkin.com/2009/02/17/yes-we-care-porkulus-protesters-holler-back/.

[9]. For more on the relationship between racism and the mortgage crisis, see for instance: Applied Research Center, Race and Recession: How Inequity Rigged the Economy and how to Change the Rules, Applied Research Center, May 2009; Christy Rogers, "Subprime Loans, Foreclosure, and the Credit Crisis (What Happened and Why? - A Primer)," The Kirwan Institute, December, 2008; Seth Wessler, "Inequality Has Rigged Our Economy and It Is Time to Change the Rules: The economic crisis is built on the country's long history of racial discrimination," Common Dreams website, September 1, 2009, http://www.commondreams.org/view/2009/09/01-4; Amaad Rivera et al., State of the Dream 2008: Foreclosed (Boston: United for a Fair Economy, 2008).

[10]. The video clip quickly became CNBC.com's most popular video clip ever. Brian Stelter, "CNBC Replays Its Reporter's Tirade," New York Times, February 22, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/23/business/media/23cnbc.html.

[11]. Domain Registration: Officialchicagoteaparty.com, Network Solutions website, accessed June 1, 2010, http://www.networksolutions.com/whois-search/Officialchicagoteaparty.com.

[12]. Alex Brant-Zawadzki and Dawn Teo, "Anatomy of the Tea Party Movement: FreedomWorks,: Huffington Post website, December 11, 2009, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alex-brantzawadzki/anatomy-of-the-tea-party_b_380575.html.

[13]. Rob Jordan, "FreedomWorks Launches Nationwide 'Tea Party' Tour," FreedomWorks Website, March 9, 2009 http://www.freedomworks.org/publications/freedomworks-launches-nationwide-%E2%80%9Ctea-party%E2%80%9D-tour.

[14]. FreedomWorks Foundation Inc., IRS Form 990, 2008; FreedomWorks, Inc., IRS Form 990, 2008.

[15]. Paul Krugman, "Tea Parties Forever," New York Times, April 12, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/13/opinion/13krugman.html; Paul Krugman, "Armey of darkness," New York Times Website, April 11, 2009, http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/04/11/armey-of-darkness/.

[16]. Edmund L. Andrews, "Clamor Grows in the Privatization Debate," New York Times, December 14, 2004. - http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/17/politics/17mom.htm.

[17]. Michael M. Phillips, "Mortgage Bailout Infuriates Tenants (And Steve Forbes): 'Angry Renter' Web Site Has Grass-Roots Look, But This Turf is Fake," Wall Street Journal, May 16, 2008, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121090164137297527.html?mod=hpp_us_pageone.

[18]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[19]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[20]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[21]. Dick Armey, "'Tea Parties': The Next Grass-roots Movement?" Atlanta Journal Constitution, April 15, 2009, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/'tea-parties'-the-next-grass-roots-movement.

[22]. "Jeff Frazee interviews Brendan Steinhauser of FreedomWorks to discuss the Tax Day Coalition." YouTube Video, March 30, 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHDFWViHL7o.

[23]. "Jeff Frazee interviews Brendan Steinhauser of FreedomWorks to discuss the Tax Day Coalition." YouTube Video, March 30, 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHDFWViHL7o.

[24]. See the FreedomWorks website, IamWithRick.com, for examples of all of these.

[25]. "Jeff Frazee interviews Brendan Steinhauser of FreedomWorks to discuss the Tax Day Coalition." YouTube Video, March 30, 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHDFWViHL7o.

[26]. Brian Buelter, "Industry-Backed Anti-Health Care Reform Group: Yeah, We're Packing And Disrupting The Health Care Town Halls," Talking Points Memo, August 4, 2009, http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2009/08/anti-health-care-reform-group-yeah-were-packing-and-disrupting-the-health-care-town-halls.php .

[27]. Jackie Kucinich, "Anti-Tax Groups Reprise Tea Parties," Roll Call, June 24, 2009, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/anti-tax-groups-reprise-tea-parties.

[28]. Matthew Murray, "Armey Says FreedomWorks Ready to Mobilize Beyond Health Debate," Roll Call, August 18, 2009, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/armey-says-freedomworks-ready-to-mobilize-beyond-h.

[29]. Jake Sherman, "Conservatives Plan New Round of Tea Parties," Wall Street Journal, August 18, 2009, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/conservatives-plan-new-round-of-tea-parties.

[30]. Rebecca Sinderbrand, "FreedomWorks, Tea Party Patriots Head for the Hill," CNN, September 3, 2009, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/freedomworks-tea-party-patriots-head-for-the-hill.

[31]. Rebecca Sinderbrand, "FreedomWorks, Tea Party Patriots Head for the Hill," CNN, September 3, 2009, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/freedomworks-tea-party-patriots-head-for-the-hill.

[32]. Darla Dawald, "Welcome to my page. Take a look around, leave me comment. God Bless!" ResistNet Website, Accessed August 5, 2010, http://www.resistnet.com/profile/DDawald.

[33]. Darla Dawald profile page, FreedomWorks Tea Party HQ Social Networking Website, Accessed August 4, 2010, http://teaparty.freedomworks.org/profile/DarlaDNationalCoordinator.

[34]. Alex Pappas, "Tea Party Leaders Release List of Targeted Races at FreedomWorks Summit," The Daily Caller, January 25, 2010, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/tea-party-leaders-release-list-of-targeted-races-a.

[35]. Kathleen Hennessy, "Still a Disorganized 'Tea Party'," Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2010, accessed at http://www.freedomworks.org/news/still-a-disorganized-tea-party.

[36]. Brian Beutler, "Industry-Backed Anti-Health Care Reform Group: Yeah, We're Packing and Disrupting The Health Care Town Halls," Talking Points Memo, August 4, 2009, http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2009/08/anti-health-care-reform-group-yeah-were-packing-and-disrupting-the-health-care-town-halls.php.

[37]. Kate Zernike, "With No Jobs, Plenty of Time for Tea Party," New York Times, March 27, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/28/us/politics/28teaparty.html?_r=1.

[38]. "April 15th Tax Day Tea Party" Georgia Tea Party Patriots Website, March 7, 2010, http://georgiateapartypatriots.com/wordpress/?p=142.

[39]. Alex Pappas, "Tea Party activists circulate 'declaration of independence' and distance selves from Republicans," The Daily Caller, February 22, 2010, http://dailycaller.com/2010/02/24/tea-party-activists-circulate-declaration-of-independence-and-distance-selves-from-republicans/#ixzz0qzlLXlW8.

[40]. "Declaration of Tea Party Independence" document, accessed at The Daily Caller, February 22, 2010, http://dailycaller.firenetworks.com/001646/dailycaller.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/files/Tea-Party-Dec-of-Independence-22410.pdf.

[41]. "Declaration of Tea Party Independence" document, accessed at The Daily Caller, February 22, 2010, http://dailycaller.firenetworks.com/001646/dailycaller.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/files/Tea-Party-Dec-of-Independence-22410.pdf.

[42]. "We Agree On Most Points! Fight On!" post by Steve Eichler on TeaParty.org Social Networking site, May 16, 2010, http://teapartyorg.ning.com/profiles/blogs/we-agree-on-most-points-fight?xg_source=activity.

[43]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[44]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[45]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[46]. "We Agree On Most Points! Fight On!" post by Steve Eichler on TeaParty.org Social Networking site, May 16, 2010, http://teapartyorg.ning.com/profiles/blogs/we-agree-on-most-points-fight?xg_source=activity.

[47]. "Tea Party Takes Over Utah!" email from TeaParty.org to supporters. April 20, 2010.

[48]. "Tea Party Money Bomb," 1776 Tea Party website (teaparty.org), undated, http://teaparty.org/teapartymoneybomb.html.

[49]. David Weigel, "'N-Word' Sign Dogs Would-Be Tea Party Leader," The Washington Independent, January 4, 2010, http://washingtonindependent.com/73036/n-word-sign-dogs-would-be-tea-party-leader.

[50]. Zachary Roth, "Tea Party Email Shows Obama As Pimp," Talking Points Memo, January 28, 2010, http://tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com/2010/01/tea_party_fundraising_email_shows_obama_as_pimp.php.

[51]. Dale Robertson, "TEAPARTY.ORG for Sale – Tea Party Founder loses Home," PRWeb, June 8, 2009, http://www.prweb.com/releases/2009/06/prweb2510974.htm.

[52]. For more on the various lawsuits, see: Frank Mickadeit, "Gilchrist and foes declare victory," The Orange County Register, May 17, 2010, http://www.ocregister.com/articles/gilchrist-249195-courtney-jury.html; Frank Mickadeit, "Gilchrist wins court fight," The Orange County Register, February 7, 2010, http://www.ocregister.com/articles/gilchrist-233048-courtney-board.html; Frank Mickadeit, "Gilchrist foes fight the odds," The Orange County Register, January 18, 2010, http://www.ocregister.com/articles/gilchrist-229695-courtney-stewart.html; Frank Mickadeit, "Minuteman leader Gilchrist loses another biggie in court," The Orange County Register, August 7, 2008, http://www.ocregister.com/articles/gilchrist-202875-coe-lula.html; "Jim Gilchrist files another suit against ex-Minutemen cohorts," The Orange County Register, April 18, 2008, http://www.ocregister.com/articles/gilchrist-196210-immigration-emotional.html; Martin Wisckol, "Gilchrist abandons lawsuit," The Orange County Register, April 24, 2007, http://www.ocregister.com/news/gilchrist-3217-minuteman-project.html.

[53]. Shawna Forde was an early Tea Partier. She attended the April 15, 2009 Tea Party rally in Phoenix. "This is the time for all Americans to join organizations and REVOLT!!!," Forde blogged from the Tea Party rally. "Refuse to be part of a system only designed to enslave you and you children. Times will get worse before they get worse, *Say no to illegal immigration* Lock and Load, Shawna Forde."; Stephen Lemons, "Shawna Forde, Alleged Kid Killer, Extremist, Phoenix Tea Party Attendee, and Ghost of Tea Parties Future," Phoenix New Times, June 22, 2009, http://blogs.phoenixnewtimes.com/bastard/2009/06/right_wing_extremist_shawna_fo.php

[54]. Scott North, "No Boundaries: Shawna Forde and the Minutemen movement," Everett Herald, October 25, 2009, http://www.heraldnet.com/article/20091025/NEWS01/710259945&news01ad=1; Daniel Newhauser, "Minutemen regroup after shootings," Green Valley News and Sun, June 20, 2009, http://www.gvnews.com/articles/2009/06/20/news/76minutemen621.txt.

[55]."Legal Victories for Jim Gilchrist's Minuteman Project Continue," Minuteman Express News, Minuteman Project Website, September 2009, http://minutemanproject.com/newsmanager/templates/light.aspx?articleid=1108&zoneid=1.

[56]. "Entity Details, Wake Up America U.S.A., Inc." Nevada Secretary of State website, Accessed January 30, 2010, http://nvsos.gov/sosentitysearch/CorpDetails.aspx?lx8nvq=XPMZz4NYoNT9RtS1WwSMdQ%253d%253d.

[57]. Eichler is the president of the for-profit company FaxDC, which 1776 Tea Party utilizes. The company shares the same mailing address as the 1776 Tea Party address in California. Visitors to the 1776 Tea Party website who clicked on the "Fax Congress" link could be taken to a page where they would be asked to pay $57.76 to send faxes to members of Congress using FaxDC. Until around August 2010, payments were going directly to FaxDC.

[58]. Nick Wadhams, "Corsi in Kenya: Obama's Nation Boots Obama Nation," Time, October 7, 2008, http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1847965,00.html?imw=Y.

[59]. S.A. Miller, "Tea Party Warns GOP of Fla. Repeat," The Washington Times, January 6, 2010, http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/jan/06/tea-party-head-warns-gop-florida-repeat/.

[60]. Stephanie Mencimer, "Dick Armey Skips Reid Protest," Mother Jones, March 12, 2010, http://motherjones.com/mojo/2010/03/dick-armey-skips-reid-protest.

[61]. "Tea Party Patriots Statement on Dale Robertson," Tea Party Patriots Website, Undated, http://www.teapartypatriots.org/PressReleases.aspx.

[62]. 1776 Tea Party Group Profile on Tea Party Patriots Website, Last Accessed August 5, 2010, http://teapartypatriots.org/GroupNew/1287db83-2a48-46cb-ac9d-27c388a56ba3/1776_Tea_Party.

[63]. David Weigel, "'N-Word' Sign Dogs Would-Be Tea Party Leader," The Washington Independent, January 4, 2010, http://washingtonindependent.com/73036/n-word-sign-dogs-would-be-tea-party-leader.

[64]. David Weigel, "'N-Word' Sign Dogs Would-Be Tea Party Leader," The Washington Independent, January 4, 2010, http://washingtonindependent.com/73036/n-word-sign-dogs-would-be-tea-party-leader.

[65]. "Thank You And Fight On!" Email message to all members of TeaParty.org, April 11, 2010.

[66]. "What is Grassfire Nation?" Grassfire.com Website, Accessed August 9, 2010, http://www.grassfire.com/faq.shtm.

[67]. Amy Lorentzen, "Web groups claim victory in bill defeat," AP News, June 30, 2007, accessed at http://www.thefreelibrary.com/_/print/PrintArticle.aspx?id=1611367799; According to its website, http://www.grassrootsaction.com/, its clients have included Focus on the Family Action, the National Republican Congressional Committee, and Reclaiming America.

[68]. Figure available from Grassfire.org Alliance, IRS Form 990, 2008. According to the non-profit website, Guidestar.org, Grassfire.org Alliance Inc. was formed in 2004, http://www2.guidestar.org/ReportNonProfit.aspx?ein=20-0440372&name=grassfire-org-alliance#; In Colorado only, the non-profit fund-raising status of Grassfire.org Alliance was suspended in January 2010, according to the Colorado Secretary of State website summary page for Grassfire.org Alliance Inc, Accessed August 1, 2010, http://www.sos.state.co.us/ccsa/ViewSummary.do?ceId=38928.

[69]. "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)," Grassfire.net website, December 21, 2002, Accessed at archive.org August 5, 2010, http://web.archive.org/web/20021221164825/www.grassfire.net/images/myGrassfire/faq.asp.

[70]. "PETITION TO SUPPORT THE PUBLIC DISPLAY OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS IN OUR COMMUNITIES", Grassfire.net Website, October 2, 2002, Accessed at archive.org August 5, 2010, http://web.archive.org/web/20021002223641/www.grassfire.net/mygrassfire.asp?rid=.

[71]. NextMark, Inc., "Grassroots Action Masterfile (Formerly Known as Grassfire.net Masterfile) Mailing List" NextMark Mailing List Finder Website, Accessed August 1, 2010, http://lists.nextmark.com/market;jsessionid=C2198A3CCA36582397BCACC2B41FCBD6?page=order/online/datacard&id=74913.

[72]. People for the American Way, "The Emerging Right-Wing 'Resistance,'" Right Wing Watch Website, November 19, 2008, http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/emerging-right-wing-resistance.

[73]. Darla Dawald, "Key Contacts on ResistNet.com, Home of the Patriotic Resistance," ResistNet Website, December 20, 2009, http://www.resistnet.com/notes/Key_Contacts

[74]. "'Tea Party' and 'Anti-Pork' Protest Rally in Lafayette, Louisiana," ResistNet Website, February 24, 2009, http://www.resistnet.com/events/tea-party-and-antipork-protest.

[75]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[76]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[77]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[78]. Francesco V. Pennese, "IT'S TIME TO TALK BACK OUR COUNTRY NOW!!!!!!," ResistNet Website, December 9, 2009, http://www.resistnet.com/group/resistnetradioshow/forum/topics/its-time-to-take-back-our-1.

[79]. The names of the individuals listed were found by querying the username, city, and state of the ResistNet.com social network membership database compiled by IREHR in May/June 2010 against the IREHR-compiled database of State and Local Nativist organizations, leader names, city, and state. The names that emerged from that query were then confirmed by telephone.

[80]. Darla Dawald, "WE STAND WITH ARIZONA ON SB1070," ResistNet Website, June 22, 2010, http://www.resistnet.com/notes/WE_STAND_WITH_ARIZONA_ON_SB1070.

[81]. ResistNet Website, http://www.resistnet.com/.

[82]. State of Arizona, "Keep AZ Safe Donation Application," Keep AZ Safe State of Arizona Website, Accessed July 30, 2010, https://az.gov/app/keepazsafe/index.xhtml.

[83]. The full-page advertisement, "An Open Letter to Barack Obama: Are you a Natural Born Citizen of the U.S.? Are you legally eligible to hold the Office of President?" is available on the We The People Foundation Website, http://www.wethepeoplefoundation.org/UPDATE/misc2008/ChicagoTribune-ObamaLtr-Nov-2008.pdf.

[84]. Lisa Richards, "Why Bipartisanship is Just as Dangerous as Multiculturalism," Take America Back Website, February 25, 2010, http://www.takeamericaback.org/id95.html.

[85]. "Constitution Suspended in 1933," Take America Back website, Accessed July 15, 2010, http://www.takeamericaback.org/id102.html.

[86]. Domenico Montanaro, "Tea Partying for profit?," MSNBC, Jan. 15, 2010, http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2010/01/15/4431927-tea-partying-for-profit

[87]. "Welcome to Tea Party Nation!!!," Tea Party Nation website homepage, undated, accessed August 1, 2010, http://www.teapartynation.com/.

[88]. Judson Phillips, "Tea Party battles racism allegations," Live Q &A, Washington Post, May 5, 2010, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/discussion/2010/05/05/DI2010050502168.html.

[89]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[90]. See Note 1 for details on data collection and analysis methodology.

[91]. Kevin Smith, "On the Backs of Tennessee's Middle Class (or, The Story Behind Tea Party Nation's Dishonest Beginnings)," in medias res blog, January 12, 2010, http://ksmith.in/inmediasres/2010/01/12/on-the-backs-of-tennessees-middle-class-or-the-story-behind-tea-party-nations-dishonest-beginnings/; "Entity Detail: 00600840: Corporation For-Profit – Domestic. Tea Party Nation Corporation," Tennessee Department of State website, April 21, 2009, http://tnbear.tn.gov/ECommerce/Common/FilingDetail.aspx?FilingNum=000600840.

[92]. Kevin Smith, "On the Backs of Tennessee's Middle Class (or, The Story Behind Tea Party Nation's Dishonest Beginnings)," in medias res blog, January 12, 2010, http://ksmith.in/inmediasres/2010/01/12/on-the-backs-of-tennessees-middle-class-or-the-story-behind-tea-party-nations-dishonest-beginnings/.

[93]. "Tea Party Convention Loses Sponsor Following 'Whistleblower' Blog Post," Nashville Post Politics Blog, January 13, 2010, http://politics.nashvillepost.com/2010/01/13/key-sponsor-drops-out-of-tea-party-convention-after-accusation-against-organizer-surface/.

[94]. Melissa Clouthier, "Tea Party Nation's Judson Phillips: 'I want to Make a Million From This Movement," MelissaClouthier.com website, January 15, 2010, http://www.melissaclouthier.com/2010/01/15/tea-party-nations-judson-phillips-i-want-to-make-a-million-from-this-movement/.

[95]. Melissa Clouthier, "Tea Party Nation's Judson Phillips: 'I want to Make a Million From This Movement," MelissaClouthier.com website, January 15, 2010, http://www.melissaclouthier.com/2010/01/15/tea-party-nations-judson-phillips-i-want-to-make-a-million-from-this-movement/.

[96]. Bob Smietana, "Altar call confronts worries of Christian conservatives," The Tennessean, August 1, 2009.

[97]. Bob Smietana, "Altar call confronts worries of Christian conservatives," The Tennessean, August 1, 2009.

[98]. Eric Odom, "Our decision to sit out the Tea Party Convention," American Liberty Alliance website, January 13, 2010, http://americanlibertyalliance.com/blog/2010-01-13/our-decision-to-sit-out-of-the-tea-party-convention/.

[99]. Kate Zernike, "Tea Party Disputes Take Toll on Convention," New York Times, January 25, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/26/us/politics/26teaparty.html?scp=1&sq=tea%20party&st=cse.

[100]Kate Zernike, "Tea Party Disputes Take Toll on Convention," New York Times, January 25, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/26/us/politics/26teaparty.html?scp=1&sq=tea%20party&st=cse; Full statement available at,http://www.nationalprecinctalliance.us/node/90.

Last modified on 09.09.2011
Devin Burghart and Leonard Zeskind

Leonard Zeskind is president of the Institute for Research and Education on Human Rights. Devin Burghart is IREHR vice president.

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